"Tawheed al-Uluhiyah" means that any and all worship must only be
directed to Allah, directly without any intercessors or partners alongside of
Him. Any worship, asking for help from the unseen, swearing, offering sacrifice,
giving charity, fasting, pilgrimage and other acts of worship must all be
offered only to Allah. Anything other than this would be considered as making
"partners" alongside of Allah (The God) and would not be acceptable.
If anyone would believe for instance, that something within the creation of the
Almighty might benefit them, or help them, or aid or protect them, then this
would never be accepted as true worship which is indicated by "Tawheed al-Uluhiyah".
This might well be summed up in the phrase:
"The Worship of the Creator
and not of His Creations."
"Tawheed al-Asma was-Sifat" is actually one of the most important, yet
most understood aspects of "Lordship" in Islam. And this is the area
where many go astray in their thinking and beliefs. Herein we will be able to
see how the various divisions amongst the "monotheists" have occurred.
Let us bring the understanding from these three aspects:
a) Allah must not be named or qualified by anything other
than what Allah Himself and His Messenger, peace be upon him, have named or
qualified Him. No attribute or quality can be offered in explaining or
describing the Lord of the Universe unless He or His Prophet Muhammad, peace be
upon him, have already offered this description.
One example might be that Allah has described Himself as "Having the Power
to Do Whatever He Wills to Do" (Allahu 'ala kulli shay in Qadir), but we
would not offer more than this, for example by saying:
"Allah can do anything."
The difference here is that, while Allah is saying that He is fully capable of
doing what every He Wills to Do, He would not "Will to Do" anything
which would make Him no longer be Allah. For instance He could not lie; He does
not cheat; He can not die and He can not be something in His creation or subject
to the laws of His creation.
He could not be for example, a human walking on the earth eating, sleeping and
worrying about what will happen next. This would naturally make Him no longer
God, The Creator, Sustainer, Organizer, Planner and Protector of All that
Exists. Pardon this poor use of English in the phrase, but:
"He could never - NOT BE GOD."
b) No one or no thing in the Creation of Allah may be named
or qualified with His names or qualifications. As an example Allah has Named
Himself "Al Kareem" (The Generous). Likewise, He has described Himself
as "As-Sabur" (The Patient), And while any of us could be considered
as generous or patient, we could never be considered as THE ABSOLUTE IN
GENEROSITY or THE ABSOLUTE IN PATIENCE, because we could not be absolute in any
characteristic. It is only Allah (The God) who can be absolutely perfect in any
and all aspects.
c) As an example, Allah Has said in His Last Revelation the
Holy Quran, that after He created the Heavens and earth in six "yawm"
(even periods of time or 'days'), He rose above and positioned Himself over His
Yet the scholars of Islam would immediately agree that it is not
acceptable to speculate on "how" He looks like or in "what"
manner He accomplished this.