sciences have proven that mountains have deep
roots under the surface of the ground and that
these roots can reach several times their elevations above
the surface of the ground. So the suitable word to describe
mountains on the basis of this information is the word
'peg', since most of a properly set peg
is hidden under the surface of the ground. The
history of science tells us that the theory of mountains
having deep roots was introduced only in the latter
half of the nineteenth century. (Geological Concept
of Mountains p.5)
Mountains also play an important role in stabilizing the
crust of the earth. (Geological Concept of Mountains pp.
44-45). They hinder the shaking of the earth. God said
in the Qur'an:
He has set firm mountains in the earth so that it would
not shake with you..."
Likewise the modern
theory of plate tectonics holds that mountains work as
stabilizers for the earth. This knowledge about the role
of mountains as stabilizers for the earth has just begun
to be understood in the framework of plate tectonics since
the late 1960's (Geological Concept of Mountains p. 5).
anyone during the time of the prophet Muhammad, peace
be upon him, have known of the true shape of mountains?
Could any one imagine that the solid massive mountain
which he sees before him, actually extends deep into the
earth and has a root, as scientists assert? A large number
of books of geology when discussing mountains, only describe
that part which is above the surface of the earth. This
is because these books were not written by specialists
in geology. However, modern geology has confirmed the
truth of the Qur'an's verses.