Timeline of Islamic Scientists

These pages are edited by Prof. Hamed Abdel-reheem Ead
Professor of Chemistry at Faculty of Science-University of Cairo Giza-Egypt and director of Science Heritage Center
E-mail: ead@frcu.eun.eg
Web site: http://www.frcu.eun.eg/www/universities/html/shc/index.htm
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Timeline of Islamic Scientists (700-1400)

This chart depicts the lifes of key Islamic Scientists and related writers, from the 8th to the end of the 13th century. By placing each writer in a historical context, this will help us understand the influences and borrowing of ideas.

701 (died)    -    Khalid Ibn Yazeed    -    Alchemy

721   -   Jabir Ibn Haiyan (Geber)    -    (Great Muslim Alchemist)

740   -   Al-Asmai    -    (Zoology, Botany, Animal Husbandry)

780   -   Al-Khwarizmi (Algorizm)    -    (Mathematics, Astronomy)

787   -   Al Balkhi, Ja'Far Ibn Muhammas (Albumasar)    -    Astronomy, Fortune-telling

796 (died)    -    Al-Fazari,Ibrahim Ibn Habeeb    -    Astronomy, Translation

800   -   Ibn Ishaq Al-Kindi    -    (Alkindus)    -    (Philosophy, Physics, Optics)

808   -   Hunain Ibn Is'haq    -    Medicine, Translator

815   -   Al-Dinawari, Abu-Hanifa Ahmed Ibn Dawood    -    Mathematics, Linguistics

836   -   Thabit Ibn Qurrah (Thebit)    -    (Astronomy, Mechanics)

838   -   Ali Ibn Rabban Al-Tabari    -    (Medicine, Mathematics)

852   -   Al Battani ABU abdillah (Albategni)    -    Mathematics, Astronomy, Engineering

857   -   Ibn MasawaihYou'hanna    -    Medicine

858   -   Al-Battani (Albategnius)    -    (Astronomy, mathematics)

860   -   Al-Farghani (Al-Fraganus)    -    (Astronomy,Civil Engineering)

884   -   Al-Razi (Rhazes)    -    (Medicine,Ophthalmology, Chemistry)

870   -   Al-Farabi (Al-Pharabius)    -    (Sociology, Logic, Science, Music)

900   -   (died)    -    Abu Hamed Al-ustrulabi    -    Astronomy

903   -   Al-Sufi (Azophi    -    ( Astronomy)

908   -   Thabit Ibn Qurrah    -    Medicine, Engineering

912 (died)    -    Al-Tamimi Muhammad Ibn Amyal (Attmimi)    -    Alchemy

923 (died)    -    Al-Nirizi, AlFadl Ibn Ahmed (wronge Altibrizi)    -    Mathematics, Astronomy

930   -   Ibn Miskawayh, Ahmed Abuali    -    Medicine, Alchemy

932   -   Ahmed Al-Tabari    -    Medicine

936   -   Abu Al-Qasim Al-Zahravi (Albucasis)    -    (Surgery, Medicine)

940   -   Muhammad Al-Buzjani    -    (Mathematics, Astronomy, Geometry)

950   -   Al Majrett'ti Abu-alQasim    -    Astronomy, Alchemy, Mathematics

960 (died)    -    Ibn Wahshiyh, Abu Baker    -    Alchemy, Botany

965   -   Ibn Al-Haitham (Alhazen)    -    Physics, Optics, Mathematics)

973   -   Abu Raihan Al-Biruni    -    (Astronomy, Mathematics)

976   -   Ibn Abil Ashath    -    Medicine

980   -   Ibn Sina (Avicenna)    -    (Medicine, Philosophy, Mathematics)

983   -   Ikhwan A-Safa (Assafa)    -    (Group of Muslim Scientists)

1019   -   Al-Hasib Alkarji    -    Mathematics

1029   -   Al-Zarqali (Arzachel)    -    Astronomy (Invented Astrolabe)

1044   -   Omar Al-Khayyam    -    (Mathematics, Poetry)

1060   -   (died) Ali Ibn Ridwan Abu'Hassan Ali    -    Medicine

1077   -   Ibn Abi-Sadia Abul Qasim    -    Medicine

1090   -   Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar)    -    Surgery, Medicine

1095   -   Ibn Bajah, Mohammed Ibn Yahya

1097   -   Ibn Al-Baitar Diauddin (Bitar)    -    Botany, Medicine, Pharmacology

1099   -   Al-Idrisi (Dreses)    -    Geography, World Map (First Globe)

1091   -   Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar)    -    ( Surgery, Medicine)

1095   -   Ibn Bajah, Mohammad Ibn Yahya (Avenpace)    -    Philosophy, Medicine

1099   -   Al-Idrisi (Dreses)    -    (Geography -World Map, First Globe)

1100   -   Ibn Tufayl Al-Qaysi    -    Philosophy, Medicine

1120   -   (died)    -    Al-Tuhra-ee, Al-Husain Ibn Ali    -    Alchemy, Poem

1128   -   Ibn Rushd (Averroe's)    -    Philosophy, Medicine

1135   -   Ibn Maymun, Musa (Maimonides)    -    Medicine, Philosphy

1140   -   Al-Badee Al-Ustralabi    -    Astronomy, Mathematics

1155 (died)   -   Abdel-al Rahman AlKhazin    -    Astronomy

1162   -   Al Baghdadi, Abdellateef Muwaffaq    -    Medicine, Geography

1165   -   Ibn A-Rumiyyah Abul'Abbas (Annabati)    -    Botany

1173   -   Rasheed AlDeen Al-Suri    -    Botany

1184   -   Al-Tifashi, Shihabud-Deen (Attifashi)    -    Metallurgy, Stones

1201   -   Nasir Al-Din Al-Tusi    -    (Astronomy, Non-Euclidean Geometry)

1203   -   Ibn Abi-Usaibi'ah, Muwaffaq Al-Din    -    Medicine

1204 (died)   -   Al-Bitruji (Alpetragius)    -    (Astronomy)

1213   -   Ibn Al-Nafis Damishqui    -    (Anatomy)

1236   -   Kutb Aldeen Al-Shirazi    -    Astronomy, Geography

1248 (died)   -   Ibn Al-Baitar    -    ( Pharmacy, Botany)

1258   -   Ibn Al-Banna (Al Murrakishi), Azdi    -    Medicine, Mathematics

1262 (died)   -   Al-Hassan Al-Murarakishi    -    Mathematics, Astronomy, Geography

1273   -   Al-Fida (Abdulfeda)    -    ( Astronomy, Geography)

1306   -   Ibn Al-Shater Al Dimashqi    -    Astronomy, Mathematics

1320 (died)    -    Al Farisi Kamalud-deen Abul-Hassan    -    Astronomy, Physics

1341 (died)   -   Al-Jildaki, Muhammad Ibn Aidamer    -    Alchemy

1351   -   Ibn Al-Majdi, Abu Abbas Ibn Tanbugha    -    Mathematics, Astronomy

1359   -   Ibn Al-Magdi,Shihab-Udden Ibn Tanbugha    -    Mathematic, Astronomy